Capital region dating
Within and immediately adjacent to the area of the former Old Town are many of the city’s museums, theatres, and public buildings as well as the principal shops.
The axis of the centre is the street known as Khreshchatyk, which runs along the bottom of a small valley the sides of which have in part been landscaped with terraced gardens interspersed with tall, modern office and apartment buildings.
Although largely of postwar construction, this central area retains its old street pattern, and most of the surviving historical and architectural monuments are located there. It has a nave and four aisles and is crowned by five domes.
This district contains many of the principal buildings of the Ukrainian government, including the glass-domed palace, built in 1936–39, that houses the Supreme Council and the 10-story block that houses the Cabinet of Ministers.Kiev, Ukrainian Kyiv, also spelled Kyyiv, Russian Kiyev, chief city and capital of Ukraine.A port on the Dnieper (Dnipro) River and a large railroad junction, it is a city with an ancient and proud history.This precipitous and wooded bank, topped by the golden domes and spires of churches and bell towers and by high-rise apartment buildings, makes the city an attractive and impressive sight from across the Dnieper.Since World War II, Kiev has extended onto the wide, low, and flat floodplain on the left (eastern) bank. The average January temperature is 21 °F (−6 °C), and winter days with temperatures above freezing are not uncommon; in cold spells with a northerly or northeasterly airstream, temperatures may drop sharply, and an absolute minimum of −27 °F (−33 °C) has been recorded.